Skip Nav

Essay on the Cold War: it’s Origin, Causes and Phases

The Cold War

❶So, the whole world was divided into two power blocs and paved the way for the Cold War.

Brief Overview

Popular Pages
From the SparkNotes Blog

End of Unit Assessments See 2 items Hide 2 items. Cold War End of Unit Assessments: A 30 question multiple choice exam to test concepts taught in Unit 9. Unit Vocabulary See 2 items Hide 2 items. Cold War Unit Vocabulary: Students complete a mad-libs style reading worksheet to review content. Building Context See 4 items Hide 4 items. Cold War Building Context: Students will review a comprehensive timeline of the Cold War.

What was the Truman Doctrine? According to President Truman, how would the Truman Doctrine contain the spread of communism in Europe? Students will compare and contrast multiple sources on the Marshall Plan. What was the Marshall Plan? Why was it necessary? What impact did the Marshall Plan have on Western Europe?

What was the Red Scare? Students will be able to connect the events of the Korean War to the US policy of containment. What happened during the Korean War? How did the Korean War extend the US policy of containment? What was the public opinion about the war?

What can we learn about reactions and responses towards the Vietnam war by analyzing political cartoons? To what extent do protest songs accurately reflect the tone of Anti-Vietnam War protests in the 's?

Why did African Americans protest involvement and escalation of armed forces in Vietnam? Latinos and the Vietnam War. Students will analyze two sources to better understand the impact of the Vietnam War on Latinos. How did the Cold War impact American society and daily life for Americans? The Impact of the Cold War. Nuclear Cold War See 4 items Hide 4 items.

Truman worked tirelessly to clean up the postwar mess and establish a new international order. The Marshall Plan was so successful that factories in Western Europe were exceeding their prewar production levels within just a few years. Although Stalin joined with the United States in founding the United Nations , he fought Truman on nearly every other issue. In defiance, he followed through on his plan to create a buffer between the Soviet Union and Germany by setting up pro-Communist governments in Poland and other Eastern European countries.

As a result, the so-called iron curtain soon divided East from West in Europe. Stalin also tried unsuccessfully to drive French, British, and American occupation forces from the German city of Berlin by blocking highway and railway access. Determined not to let the city fall, Truman ordered the Berlin airlift to drop food and medical supplies for starving Berliners.

The Berlin crisis, as well as the formation of the Eastern bloc of Soviet-dominated countries in Eastern Europe, caused foreign policy officials in Washington to believe that the United States needed to check Soviet influence abroad in order to prevent the further spread of Communism. In , Truman incorporated this desire for containment into his Truman Doctrine , which vowed to support free nations fighting Communism.

The act reorganized the military under the new office of the secretary of defense and the new Joint Chiefs of Staff. It also created the National Security Council to advise the president on global affairs and the Central Intelligence Agency to conduct espionage.

His Fair Deal domestic policies and support for civil rights, however, divided the Republican Party and nearly cost Truman the election. Nixon and the House Un-American Activities Committee led the earliest Red hunts for Communists in the government, which culminated with the prosecution of federal employee Alger Hiss and the executions of suspected spies Julius and Ethel Rosenberg.

Truman initially supported these inquiries and even established a Loyalty Review Board to assist in the search. He eventually began to express concern, however, that the Red hunts were quickly devolving into witch hunts. Determined not to let Communism spread in East Asia, Truman quadrupled military spending and ordered General MacArthur to retake the southern half of the peninsula. This type of power and control prompted Winston Churchill to declare that "an iron curtain had descended upon Europe.

Stalin was a powerful dictator who had eliminated his opposition. This was the kind of mentality and drive that faced the United States. Stalin was committed to the Marxist philosophy that stated that eventually the entire world would turn to Communism. To achieve that goal Stalin created the Comintern , a government organization designed to help Communist revolutions around the world. As far as America was concerned this is clearly a grave threat to our way of life.

The United States response to the Comintern was the policy known as containment. Simply put, containment meant that the spread of communism had to be contained, held where it was. Over the years the policy of containment would take many forms. The first was called the Truman Doctrine named after the President at that time.

The Truman Doctrine said that America would give vast financial aid any nations in danger of falling to Communism. Then, later in , the United States announced the Marshall Plan. Stalin, who could not afford to offer this type of aid to nations he controlled saw this as threat even though any nation could apply for Marshall Plan funds. The Eastern European nations never took Marshall Plan monies. Eleven nations joined NATO which was stated that "an armed attack against one shall be considered an armed attack against all.

After the United States began to actively pursue its policy of containment, Stalin began to move more aggressively. Later in Stalin decided to test American resolve. Overnight a wall appeared that surrounded West Berlin. Stalin had decided that the capitalist influence had to be eliminated. The blockade of Berlin was an act of war but Truman responded creatively.

Instead of seeking a military solution he announced to the world that the United States would not abandon Berlin. The United States began the Berlin Airlift and dropped supplies in by parachute on a daily basis.

Stalin would be unable to starve out the Berliners. Eventually the blockade ended. That same year the Soviet Union tested its first atomic bomb. In the United States announced it had a Hydrogen Bomb, many time more powerful. A year later the Soviets detonated their first H-bomb. Now there were two nuclear powers in direct competition and the world would never be the same. In response to the presence of Soviet atomic weapons the new American President, Dwight Eisenhower, announced his policy on nuclear weapons.

This policy known as the " Eisenhower Doctrine ," called for massive retaliation to any aggressive act by the Soviet Union. What was massive retaliation? It clearly meant that the United States was willing to use nuclear weapons if the Soviets used force in Europe. Luckily that never happened. The United States proved its willingness to use force to contain the spread of Communism during the Korean War which lasted for to Ever since the US had been secure that it held an edge in technology.

That illusion was shattered in when the Soviets launched the first satellite known as Sputnik. Perhaps now the Soviets would be able to spy on the US or launch long range missiles with nuclear warheads?

The space race had begun! Khrushchev did not rule as strongly as Stalin did but he was still a dictator. In a U.

This incident further increased tensions. When the new American President, John F. Kennedy, moved into the White House in he was immediately tested by Khrushchev. Overnight a concrete and barbed wire wall rose to surround West Berlin.

Khrushchev was embarrassed that West Berlin was so much wealthier than East Berlin. Heras determined to stop East Berliners from defecting. Kennedy took a strong stance announcing that he would never give in to Soviet pressure to give back Berlin.

But the Berlin Wall still stood, a symbol of the Cold War. The 's saw a further increase in tensions. Twelve years, four Presidents Eisenhower, Kennedy, Johnson, Nixon , 45, dead Americans and a total deployment of , men later we pulled out of Vietnam having failed to achieve our goals.


Main Topics

Privacy Policy

The Cold War, as it is known, was a war where the two superpowers of the time the United States (US) and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) fought each other in many different battlefronts but never involving actual armed conflict with each other.

Privacy FAQs

Infact, Cold War is a kind of verbal war which is fought through newspapers, magazines, radio and other propaganda methods. It is a propaganda to which a great power resorts against the other power.

About Our Ads

- The Cold War was a clash over ideological difference and control over the sphere of influence. Although the Cold War is technically over; many scholars are still fascinated with the events that could have started WWIII, and its impact on U.S. foreign policy. Professor Gaddis thus wrote an. Katie Bruner Block 3 Cold War Outline 1 - Cold War Outline introduction. A Critical Year- a) Roosevelt met with Stalin and Churchill at Yalta to work out the future of Germany and Poland. They agreed on the division of Germany into American, British, French, and Soviet occupation zones. b) The League of Nations, founded.

Cookie Info

The Cold War was a period of tension and hostility between the United States of America and the Soviet Union from the mids to the late 80s. An Outline of Events. Ideological differences. US fears of Communism. An uneasy alliance: U.S. - Soviet Relations during World War II. Essay. Ideological differences. The Cold War becomes hot. After the United States began to actively pursue its policy of containment, Stalin .