It should be at least as small in scale as the one it replaces. It should do work that is clearly and demonstrably better than the one it replaces. It should use less energy than the one it replaces. If possible, it should use some form of solar energy, such as that of the body. It should be repairable by a person of ordinary intelligence, provided that he or she has the necessary tools. It should be purchasable and repairable as near to home as possible.
It should come from a small, privately owned shop or store that will take it back for maintenance and repair. It should not replace or disrupt anything good that already exists, and this includes family and community relationships. After the foregoing essay, first published in the New England Review and Bread Loaf Quarterly, was reprinted in Harper's, the Harper's editors published the following letters in response and permitted me a reply. Wendell Berry provides writers enslaved by the computer with a handy alternative: Wife—a low-tech energy-saving device.
Drop a pile of handwritten notes on Wife and you get back a finished manuscript, edited while it was typed. What computer can do that? Wife meets all of Berry's uncompromising standards for technological innovation: Best of all, Wife is politically correct because she breaks a writer's "direct dependence on strip-mined coal.
I have no quarrel with Berry because he prefers to write with pencil and paper; that is his choice. But he implies that I and others are somehow impure because we choose to write on a computer. I do not admire the energy corporations, either.
Their shortcoming is not that they produce electricity but how they go about it. They are poorly managed because they are blind to long-term consequences. To solve this problem, wouldn't it make more sense to correct the precise error they are making rather than simply ignore their product? I would be happy to join Berry in a protest against strip mining, but I intend to keep plugging this computer into the wall with a clear conscience.
I enjoyed reading Berry's declaration of intent never to buy a personal computer in the same way that I enjoy reading about the belief systems of unfamiliar tribal cultures. I tried to imagine a tool that would meet Berry's criteria for superiority To his old manual typewriter. The clear winner is the quill pen. It is cheaper, smaller, more energy-efficient, human-powered, easily repaired, and non-disruptive of existing relationships.
Berry also requires that this tool must be "clearly and demonstrably better" than the one it replaces. But surely we all recognize by now that "better" is in the mind of the beholder. To the quill pen aficionado, the benefits obtained from elegant calligraphy might well outweigh all others.
I have no particular desire to see Berry use a word processor; or he doesn't like computers, that's fine with me. However, I do object to his portrayal of this reluctance as a moral virtue.
Many of us have found that computers can be an invaluable tool in the fight to protect our environment. In addition to helping me write, my personal computer gives me access to up-to-the-minute reports on the workings of the EPA and the nuclear industry.
I participate in electronic bulletin boards on which environmental activists discuss strategy and warn each other about urgent legislative issues. Perhaps Berry feels that the Sierra Club should eschew modern printing technology which is highly wasteful of energy, in favor of having its members handcopy the club's magazines and other mailings each month?
The value of a computer to a writer is that it is a tool not for generating ideas but for typing and editing words. It is cheaper than a secretary or a wife! And it enables spouses who are not inclined to provide free labor more time to concentrate on their own work. We should support alternatives both to coal-generated electricity and to IBM-style technocracy. But I am reluctant to entertain alternatives that presuppose the traditional subservience of one class to another.
Let the PCs come and the wives and servants go seek more meaningful work. Berry asks how he could write conscientiously against the rape of nature if in the act of writing on a computer he was implicated in the rape. I find it ironic that a writer who sees the underlying connectness of things would allow his diatribe against computers to be published in a magazine that carries ads for the National Rural Electric Cooperative Association, Marlboro, Phillips Petroleum, McDonnell Douglas, and yes, even Smith-Corona.
If Berry rests comfortably at night, he must be using sleeping pills. Getting back to cosmos, Blue Origin proposes simulations of the flight into space inside their newly developed space ships. Though, the virtual reality that is offered sometimes takes too much place in the real world. People miss out the beauty and colorful saturation of the real world. Unfortunately, computers and brand new technologies are often being used both by the government and ordinary people to spy on other citizens.
It intrudes into the privacy and brings a lot of problems in all domains of life, either loving or business affairs. Summing up all of the above, computers have major influence on our lives and it continues to grow.
Some may argue that it is dangerous and interruptive for the natural matter of things. But it is clear that we cannot step back and stop the progress. As Isaac Asimov once said: Bad or good is the impact of computers, it is already an inherent part of us. Twenty First Century Indulgence Computers have definitely made the life more relaxed and comfortable. Progress in the service of humanity However, technologies have comfort not only our everyday basic life needs but gave the hope for curing world-spreading illnesses.
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Please enter a valid email address. Computers offer the Internet which helps students research information for projects they may have. School computers also offer programs which can help anyone learn.
An example of this is the program All The Right Type. This program helps students as well as teachers, to learn how to type faster and more efficiently. Also there are other programs which younger students can go on to help them with developing and reinforcing their math skills and reading skills.
Programs like Math Circus and matching the word with the picture. Programs like these make it easy to understand and use computers, yet it also makes learning fun. Computers also make writing and doing homework easier to complete. With spell check and other spelling tools, it makes it easier and faster to complete work. This is because you are not spending all your time going through your homework looking for spelling mistakes, because the computer automatically does it for you, making your life easier.
Further, Computers also benefit the development of fundamental skills. Good educational software enables children to practice and develop a broad range skills. It can help them learn, for example, about shapes, letters, numbers, rhythm, and colors.
Good educational software can also help children develop their understanding of cause and effect, procedural thinking, higher order problem solving and creative expression. Though such computer activities are purported to be educational, there is a fundamental difference between the skills used in reading versus those used to engage in an interactive CD-ROM.
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